What is a virtual private server (VPS) and who needs it?

A virtual private server or VPS is a virtual machine that operates like a personal machine with dedicated resources under virtualization software on a physical server running various operating systems. It is a fully functional computer with reliable resources running on the cloud in simpler terms. However, it’s not in the cloud; it’s on a physical computer somewhere and has other users.

Usually, a hosting provider or service rents out a VPS to individuals and organizations. A virtual private server is suitable for those who do not have dedicated server space. However, renting a VPS (or several) is much cheaper for small-scale operations than renting an entire server.

How does VPS work?

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VPS is a server within a server. If you are familiar with VirtualBox or VMWare running virtual machines, a VPS is quite similar to them. These applications allow you to run different operating systems on a single machine. For example, if you’re using Windows, you can also run a Linux distribution or an older version of Windows at the same time.

Similarly, a physical server hosts several virtual servers isolated from each other. To do this, hosting services use Hypervisor software which segments the host server and separates the virtual servers. Therefore, each virtual private server acts as a dedicated server.

Each VPS runs its operating system independently of the others. All the virtual private servers of the main server have their operating system. Therefore, it usually leads users to believe that it is an independent server.

Do you need a virtual private server?

Although there are several advantages to having a VPS, you should get one, depending on your needs. Moreover, you can get a VPS with a flexible system configuration. For example, you can configure a server with custom amounts of CPU cores, RAM, storage, and operating systems.

You should consider VPS hosting if:

  • Your business requires more scalability or you need to run various projects.
  • Your project or website expects a substantial increase in traffic.
  • You want to run applications that another type of hosting does not offer.
  • You need more reliability and availability for your project or website.